How to write a literary paper

Publicado en 5AC2020, Ingles, Language, Literature | Deja un comentario

La literatura y yo

  

                        Me gusta leer desde que soy chica, empecé a hacerlo cuando tenía entre 10 y 11 años aproximadamente. El primer libro que leí fue “Caídos del Mapa”, el primero de una saga de 11 libros que leí vorazmente, encontrando en la lectura una nueva pasión. Me gustaba mucho la continuidad de la historia, como la misma no terminaba con el primer libro. Después de eso lei algun par mas de Luis María Pescetti, también para chicos, hasta que después de un tiempo deje el hábito por alguna razón que ahora no consigo recordar. Fue cuando tenía 13 años que volví a abrir un libro, y desde ahí el camino fue para adelante. Este libro fue Harry Potter, que me decidí a leer después de tantos años de fanatismo por sus películas. Fue ahí que creo que empecé a ver la literatura de otra manera, que empecé a compartir emociones con los personajes y sentirme dentro de la historia, a diferencia de cuando era chica. Encontraba mucha satisfacción en la magia que tenía la historia, en salir de la vida cotidiana y leer algo que iba más allá. Fue así que de ahí en más continúe leyendo sagas y sagas, todas de ciencia ficción, y enamorandome cada vez más con la lectura y las historias de las que tanto me encariñaba. Eran para mi un refugio, algo que me esperaba siempre con los brazos abiertos. Siempre fui mas de leer sagas largas de entre 4 y 7 libros porque no me gustaba la idea de que termine en un solo libro, me gustaba ir viendo la evolución de los personajes, y a veces hasta ir “evolucionando” con ellos. Cada vez que terminaba una saga me angustiaba. Para mi la ciencia ficción era salir de lo ordinario y creer, por lo menos mientras leía, que existía algo distinto a la realidad básica que vivía todos los días. Cuando estaba en cuarto año traté de salir de las sagas de ciencia ficción, que aun así todavía quería profundamente. Quería leer algo distinto, algo más real, y mientras empecé con sagas que no tenían ciencia ficción, después empecé también a dejar un poco las sagas. Probé por muchos lados, por los libros de suspenso(«Sharp Objects» de Gillian Flynn), por la no ficción(«Sapiens» de Yuval Noah Harari) y por los clásicos(«Wuthering Heights» de Emily Bronte) entre otros. Si bien no los leía tan rápido y obsesivamente como las sagas, me gustaron, aunque continuaba leyendo alguna que otra saga. Ahí nuevamente cambió mi percepción de la literatura, que anteriormente se concentraba únicamente en las historias y ahora comencé a ver también desde el lado del lenguaje, desde el lado de las descripciones que ahora tanto me gustan. Le debo este cambio a un libro que se convirtió en uno de mis preferidos; “El Retrato de Dorian Gray”, que también hizo que empiece a tomar interés por los autores de los libros al encontrar tan interesante a Oscar Wilde. Hoy en día, para mí la literatura es algo que me acompaña, me enseña, me forma, despierta emociones y curiosidades en mi y me inspira. Llevo adentro mío todas las historias que leí, a las que le tengo un profundo aprecio, así como los recuerdos de los momentos en los que leía cada una de ellas.

Publicado en 5AC2020, Castellano, Lengua | Deja un comentario

Trabalho Portugues

Trabalho Portugues

  1. As mulheres podem votar; Ao contrário do passado, as mulheres agora podem eleger seus representantes políticos como os homens. Anteriormente, apenas homens podiam votar e as mulheres eram excluídas disso. Na Argentina, as mulheres com mais de 18 anos podem votar desde 1947. Além-disso, as mulheres também podem ser eleitas e trabalhar no estado como funcionários políticos.

  2. As mulheres podem eleger com com quem casar; No passado, as mulheres não podiam escolher com quem casarse. Isso lhes foi imposto por suas famílias. Os pais escolhiam de acordo com a posição econômica dos homens. O casamento era uma aliança econômica que as mulheres não podiam recusar. Hoje as mulheres podem escolher livremente com quem decidem casarse.

  3. As mulheres podem vestirse como quiser; Atualmente, não há obstáculos para o que as mulheres querem usar. Elas podem usar o que quiserem. No passado, elas tinham que usar o que era permitido, que sempre deveria ser coberto e não deixar a pele à vista. Elas tampouco podiam vestirse como os homens porque no era “femenino”. Agora, elas podem usar o que quieram. 

Publicado en 5AC2020, Portugues | Deja un comentario

Connectors and Links

We started our Project class this year by working with connectors and linkers to help us write a paper later on. Not only did we answer a few excercises but we also prepared one for others to fill in.

Task 2

If you are an urban dweller, you may know the real meaning of urbanization. 1. However, this does not always indicate your sufficient insight in the “uncontrolled urbanization”  topic too. To form a causal chain, it is right to say that more jobs, more services in the urban side and absence of land in the countryside force people to migrate to larger cities which brings about uncontrolled urbanization. 2. Consequently, some problems arise such as unemployment,inadequacy of infrastructure/services and some environmentally unwanted events as well as unpleasant demographic incidents.

 

3. To begin with, it is a good point to dig up the reasons for people to come to larger cities. First of all, by all accounts, cities are perceived to offer a wide variety of job opportunities on the grounds that there are very different branches of  businesses in cities. Inasmuch as unemployment level is hugely high in the rural areas and the work is only about farming in contrast to countless business sectors in chief cities, more and more people choose searching for their chances in the metropolis.

 

4. Then, comes another significant reason: There are better services in cities. As a matter of fact, transportation is extremely developed so as to make use of time efficiently. Medical services are supported with the latest technological improvements, there are unbelievably modern hospitals. 5. What’s more, education is taken into account seriously. There are very high-quality schools with excellent teachers, teaching with up-to-date techniques. None of these can be found in the rural areas, at this stage.

 

6. Among factors causing migration to big cities, there is a strong push factor stemming from absence of enough land. It would be very hard and useless to cultivate the land if it is too small to make an agricultural production. One important thing triggers this incident increasingly during the last years; namely, division of land. To explain, in the rural areas when someone dies, the inheritance would usually be the land. 7 Therefore, the land is divided into many parts due to the fact that in the countryside it is common to have lots of children and they all have rights to take one part of the inherited land. 8. Nevertheless, what they get are useless small lands rather than a gigantic land which is capable of making a great deal of agricultural production itself. The inability to do the only thing, farming, again brings about migration to big cities with the hopes of making money.

 

As mentioned earlier, all these facts and figures necessitate uncontrolled urbanization, in the midst of the causal chain. 9. On the other hand, what are the side effects and drawbacks of this growth?

Task 3

Quiz

Publicado en 5AC2020, Ingles, Language | Deja un comentario

Artwork Analysis

Definition of Art

Vincent Van Gogh:

“Art is man added to nature, nature, reality, truth, but with a meaning, with an interpretation, with a character that the artist brings out and to which he gives expression, which he sets free, which he unravels, releases, elucidates.” 

Bordalo ii

This pictures shows how man uses his knowledge on nature and the resources at his disposal to create something new and inexistent. Art is the effect man purposely has on nature. Man creates things with a meaning. For instance this artist, called Bordalo ii, creates art based on animals. However, his art is figurative and not realistic. He transforms the ideas he has on nature into something new. In his mural of a deer we can see how he uses the basis of how a deer looks, but he doesn’t copy it exactly, he changes the size, uses different materials and different relief. This is how men add themselves into nature, they change it and manipulate it and therefore create art. They also add a meaning to this, which can have different interpretations. I believe that the mural of the deer shows how you can make something beautiful out of regular materials, as he uses cardboard and metal, among other materials to create an alluring artwork.

    The artwork I liked the most was the one of the deer by Bordalo ii. Besides the fact that I love nature and I believe that deers are beautiful as they represent gentleness and light, I like how the artist tries to blend together nature and synthetics. HIs mural is of a deer, which is a part of nature, but the deer is made with man-made materials, such as cardboard, pipes, etc. However man-made materials are made out of natural resources, showing it all comes back to nature. I like how he shows the coexistence of nature and everything artificial created by men. 

    This artwork is a mural, which is not a regular one as Bordalo ii uses a technique in which he builds up texture. He uses trash materials, therefore he is recycling, and the he paints them using graffiti paint. By using objects with a dimension he builds up a texture. For the background of the deer he uses solely graffiti paint. 

    This artwork is figurative as he represents forms that are recognizably derived from real life. When we see the mural we can recognize a deer as he uses the colours characteristic of a deer and he does it in a proportionate way. However, as he uses trash materials and unrealistic “relieves” it is not realistic. Moreover, the size of the deer, which is not painted in its whole, just its head, is unrealistically big. 

    The composition of this artwork is mostly of different trash materials, which can be barely recognized as they are piled up. The material he mostly uses is cardboard, plastic and metal, which he uses for the whole of the deer except for its eyes which are made of another material I cannot recognize although i can see it’s not cardboard. The eyes are proportionate to the head and they are what calls your attention most when you see the mural as they are completely black, as opposite to the body which is brown and beige. The horns of the deer also occupy a big space and are startling due to their size and also to the fact that they are over the background which is of completely different and brighter colours, so the contrast is huge. The deer head on its whole occupies most of the mural, and even a part of the horns gets out of the wall.

    Bordalo ii uses two colour palettes. To begin with, the first one is the one he uses on the figure of the deer which includes light brown and beige, which belong to a warm colour palette which is combined with a dark colour palette due to the black and dark brown he also employs. However, there is an entirely different colour palette for the background which is of bright and saturated colours, as he uses intense and bright shades of blue and green. Therefore, a contrast is created between the deer and the background as the palettes are opposite.

    When you look at the mural, what you look at first are the eyes of the deer as they are of deep black colour, as well as its nose, which is a color that calls your attention. It is very dark in contrast to the rest of the mural and that’s why you gaze goes there first. After the eyes, your gaze moves towards the horns as they have a huge size and they stick out of the bright background. After that, you look at the rest of the head and the small part of the torso painted and you start to distinguish the materials and colours which make the artwork as you can see how the textures and shades form the deer itself. Finally you look at the background.

    It makes me feel a sense of empathy and affection as its deep eyes make it look cute. It makes me feel caring for it as it seems defenceless and innocent as its eyes are completely black and in a way it looks nervous, this which makes me feel protective of it as if something were to happen to it. When you draw things in circles it instantly makes them cute, which in this drawing would be the eyes. This makes the deer look innocent and non-threatening. By simplifying the size of the eye and making it circular you make it cuter and it provokes a feeling of affection in the viewer.  

    I believe that the message of the mural is to show the blend between nature and man-made things, but ultimately showing that everything traces back to nature. The figure shown by the artist is of a deer, which belongs to nature, but it’s made of man-made materials, therefore showing the coexistence of both in this world. However, at the same time the man-made materials are made in its origin with natural resources, showing how everything initially comes from nature. Another message that I believe this artwork transmits is the importance of recycling. By using materials that are mostly trash or no longer used, Bordalo ii is recycling. And by using the trash to create an innocent deer he shows how trash can damage the environment and how the environment is unable to protect itself from pollution, and how it is our role to doprotect it, and recycling is a part of that. 

    One of the songs I believe that matches the message of this artwork is “Mercy, Mercy Me” by Marvin Gaye. This song deals with how humans are not taking care of the earth and how pollution is growing. He talks about how skies have disappeared, metaphorically, and how oil is filling the oceans. As I have explained before one of the messages that can be interpreted from this mural is how we are damaging nature with loads of trash, by creating an innocent deer out of trash materials. The song shows how pollution is affecting the environment and the mural transmits the same message. 

“Poison is the wind that blows from the north and south and east”

“Radiation underground and in the Sky»

«Animals and birds who live nearby are dying”

Publicado en 4AC2019, Ingles, Visual Arts | Etiquetado , , , , | Deja un comentario

Aprendizaje Literatura Argentina.

          En la clase de lengua, durante todo el primer trimestre, estuvimos estudiando acerca de la literatura argentina. Leímos “La Cautiva”, un texto de Esteban Echeverría considerado como fundacional de la literatura Argentina para comenzar a instruirnos en ella. También leímos cuentos cortos de Jorge Luis Borges que también forman parte de la literatura Argentina. Al comenzar el trimestre yo no sabía que era la literatura argentina, que la caracterizaba. A medida que fue avanzando el trimestre y nos fuimos adentrando en el texto y lo fuimos analizando, pudimos ir viendo particularidades de la misma reflejadas en el texto que según tantos la funda. Pudimos observar como esta esta estrechamente relacionada con el contexto histórico del país, la fundación de nuestra nación. Es así que para cuando terminó el trimestre, ya podíamos determinar y comprender que era la literatura argentina, así como que la caracterizaba. Para poner esto en escrito, nuestra profesora nos asignó escribir a cada uno una afirmación que la defina en cuanto a cierto aspecto, y compararla con lo que sabíamos acerca de la literatura argentina al comenzar el trimestre. Si bien la actividad era individual, nuestra profesora nos dividió en grupos para que podamos discutir lo que cada uno iba a escribir. Esto es lo que yo escribí;

          “Si bien la literatura argentina tiene características que la diferencian de otras literaturas y que la hacen única, esta también estuvo influenciada por factores externos. Es así que no nació y se desarrolló completamente por sí misma, sino que fue tomando algunos elementos extranjeros. Uno de los autores más importantes de la literatura argentina, Jorge Luis Borges, dijo «creo que nuestra tradición es toda la cultura occidental», lo que muestra cómo nuestra literatura adoptó características de otras literaturas y tradiciones preexistentes. Esto se puede ver a través de la gran influencia que el romanticismo tuvo en nuestros textos literarios, y no en cualquiera de nuestros textos, sino que en uno esencial y considerado por muchos como texto fundacional de nuestra literatura; «La Cautiva» de Esteban Echeverría. En el mismísimo texto que fundó nuestra literatura, Echeverría tomó aspectos aspectos del romanticismo europeo y los adapto. A diferencia de esto, antes de estudiar este tema, yo consideraba que la literatura argentina estaba únicamente basada en características argentinas, que vieron su origen en nuestro país.”

          Esta actividad me ayudó mucho a hacer un reflexión sobre nuestro aprendizaje este trimestre ya que pudimos comparar lo que sabíamos de la literatura argentina al comenzar el trimestre y al finalizar, luego de estudiar sobre la misma y uno de sus textos más importantes. A partir de esto pude ver todo lo que aprendí, todo el conocimiento nuevo adquirido. Pude también ver el cambio en nuestra perspectiva, como pasé de pensar algo tan impreciso acerca de este tema, y como terminé pensando algo mucho más profundo, analizando diferentes cuestiones de la misma. Al principio del trimestre yo pensaba que algo que hacía la literatura argentina era la nacionalidad del autor, pero al finalizar el trimestre vi que la esencia de la literatura va mucho más allá de eso y comprende de otras características, como el vocabulario utilizado y la inclusión del contexto histórico o cultural. Al escribir la afirmación como actividad de cierre pude medir mi aprendizaje y al mismo tiempo tratar de darle una definición a una parte de la literatura argentina que fue algo complejo de hacer considerando sus varios aspectos. 

          Pude relacionar este trabajo con uno similar que realizamos en la clase de literature al finalizar el año pasado. Para cerrar el año, en la clase de literature nuestra profesora nos pidió que escribamos un texto contando todo lo que habíamos aprendido durante el año y contrastarlo con lo que sabíamos a principio de año. Al igual que en este trabajo, pude comparar y medir mi aprendizaje en un período de tiempo, el de lengua siendo sobre un trimestre y el de literature siendo sobre todo el año. El año pasado en la clase de literature una de las cosas mas importantes que aprendimos fue el análisis profundo de textos(poemas e historias cortas) ya que a fin de año rendimos exámenes internacionales(IGCSE) sobre esa materia. Mis capacidades de análisis cambiaron mucho desde principio de año hasta fin de año, y esa es una de las cosas de las que hablé en esa entrada. Esta actividad, que realice en dos clases distintas, es bastante similar a la dinámica del e-portfolio en si, poder ver el aprendizaje de uno a partir del trabajo realizado. Si bien en esta actividad se comparaba el inicio y el final, y el portfolio hay una descripción más detallada del proceso y varias entradas dentro del período de tiempo, en ambas se pueden observar los conocimientos adquiridos.

Publicado en 4AC2019, Castellano, e-portfolio, Lengua | Etiquetado , , , , | Deja un comentario

Poem Analysis-Portfolio

In our literature class our teacher asked us to divide into groups and choose a poem to analyze and present to the class. We had to make research on the author and the historical context, as well as the literary movement to which it belonged. Then we had to analyze the poem as regards the literary devices, the tone, the theme, the voice, the title and general message. Finally we gathered all this information in a presentation. I worked with Abril Teran Frias and Sofia Mele. The poem we chose was «A Complaint» by William Wordsworth. William Wordsworth was a famous British author and a great figure of romanticism; one of it’s pioneers. «A Complaint» is a poem that deals with love, to be more specific, loss of love.

«A Complaint» by William Wordsworth

 

This activity was very interesting and wholesome as it helped us to develop in depth our abilities of analysis. It helped us to be able to detect literary devices and connotations in our own. To read  between the lines. Moreover by analyzing the poem in groups we were able to learn from our teammates and see matters from a different perspective. Not only did we learn this, but we also learnt a lot about such a big and prominent literary movement as romanticism from one of it’s most important authors; William Wordsworth. By making research on the author before reading the poem we were able to have better insight and a deeper analysis as we could see how some aspects from his life were reflected in his writing. 

I could relate this poem about grief and loss of love with the everyday of people in general. Loss of love and unrequited feelings are quite common in the daily. Due to various reasons people stop loving their partner while their partner is still in love. The one which remains in love suffers this loss thoroughly, as they used to have someone who loved him/her and then doesn’t. People can go on for long periods of time mourning the loss of this love and this relationship, as your everyday changes from being accompanied by someone to being on your own. Many los hope on the future and see this break up as terminal. They continue to overthink about what went wrong or how it could have gone right. It can be quite hard on people. In few cases it can lead to depression or even suicide(un extreme cases). However, I believe that this can be seen as a new beginning, as starting over and seeing things from a different perspective due to your experience. You learn from these experiences and then look upon life in a different way. What you learn from such experiences helps you for the future, to avoid making the same mistakes. Obviously that after losing love you are completely entitled to be sorrowful but you shouldn’t let it have power over your life. Eventually the sorrow will fade away and you will be able to move on and continue with your life. After some time you start seeing the time you spent with that person merely as a good memory but that your life simply turned into a different path. Just as the quote says, and just as it happens with nature, «There is always a rainbow after every storm». This means that bad times are not permanent, good times always proceed to come if we are patient enough to wait for them.

Publicado en 4AC2019, e-portfolio, Ingles, Literature | Etiquetado , , , | Deja un comentario