Annual review literature.

This year has ver a great one both academically and socially. I have learnt many things and have had fun while doing so. It has been a quite positive year and one I will certainly never forget. While working on literature I have learnt many things which helped me to do my best in the international exams. I have learnt how to analyse poems on my own, as well as to write complete and complex essays. I have discovered how there are millions of ways in which you can analyse or understand a poem as long as you justify them. Reading the analysis of many people from across the world has opened my mind to new ideas. Moreover, my skills at essay writing and understanding of texts has fairly improved during this year, as well as my performance under pressure. During this year I could also prove the point that two minds work better than one, as working with my peers has shown me different perspectives on many things. The most challenging moments of the year were the term tests and specially the IGCSE, as we had to write essays in short periods of time under the pressure of the significance they have. I have learnt a lot from these exams, as learning to manage my time or going straight to the point. I am very proud of my performance in the subject and in the exams, as I have made my greatest effort despite what marks I may get when the results arrive. I am proud because I know I have done my best. During the year I have also tried to do my best in the assignments, and I am very happy with the results. I believe I have met all of my objectives, although I still await the results of the IGCSE. My schoolmates were crucial in this as they helped and explained me when I needed it, in the same way I helped them when they needed it. Our teacher Pato was also essential in all this as she always did her best to teach us content in a fun way, and always granted us with tools to help us understand everything. Her classes were always dynamic and enjoyable. I think I would be able to explain everything I have learnt to someone else as I have understood all the texts we have read after the full analysis we have made of all of them. There are some matters I still have to work with personally such as working in groups and making sure everyone understands what we are working on and participates. Everything I have learnt this year will certainly help me in my life both to write texts and analyse things.

Publicado en 3AC2018, Ingles, Literature | Etiquetado , , | Deja un comentario

Cuban Missile Crisis

Publicado en 3AC2018, History, Ingles | Etiquetado , , | Deja un comentario

Biology Nervous System

1- Search on the internet for a video showing an example of a reflex action.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BzKO9eThATs

2-Explain the term reflex action.

A reflex, or reflex action, is an involuntary and nearly instantaneous movement in response to a stimulus. A reflex is made possible by neural pathways called reflex arcs which can activate an impulse before that impulse reaches the brain. A reflex is not done under conscious control.

3- State the structures involved in the reflex arc.

The structures involved in the reflex arc are: receptor neuron, sensory neuron, relay neuron(spinal cord), motor neuron and effector(muscle).

4- Explain how the reflex action in your video takes place.

The reflex action in our video is called knee-jerk reflex, and it involves hitting someone with a small hammer slightly beneath the knee. The tendon below your kneecap contains stretchy receptor neurons are stimulated by the hit and send the information to the spinal cord through the sensory neurons. The relay neuron in the spinal cord transmits the information from the sensory neuron to the motor neuron, which sends the impulse to the quadriceps muscle. The quadricep is the effector which triggers muscle contraction that causes the leg to extend.

Publicado en 3AC2018, Biology, Ingles | Etiquetado , , | Deja un comentario

Example of Inversion, “Sonnet 18” by William Shakespeare.

Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm’d; 
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimm’d;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st;
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

Publicado en 3AC2018, Ingles, Language, Uncategorized | Etiquetado , , , , | Deja un comentario

Bullying must be stopped at all costs!

In our language class we have read a book called “Face” by Benjamin Zephaniah that deals with the subject of bullying. Our teacher Pilar asked us to create a creative flyer including what bullying is, how it can be prevented and showing the statistics of it. I created this flyer with Juan Elia and Abril Teran Frias.

Publicado en 3AC2018, Ingles, Language | Etiquetado , , , , | Deja un comentario

Billenium by J.G Ballard.

  1. Write a detailed synopsis of the story.

The story is set in the distant future as the name Billenium suggests. Nearly twenty million people are squashed into a city putting tremendous pressure on space. The city council has restricted the space that a person can occupy to mere 38 square feet. John Ward and Henry Rossiter are friends who share living space. They are both employed but find it hard to get by in the crowded city where traffic can last for days with no one being able to move due to congestion. While knocking about their cubicle, Ward discovers a forgotten room close to their cubicle. They are euphoric in this new space, thrilled due to the extense space. They buy a Victorian wardrobe which is the only valuable piece of furniture in the place. Soon, Rossiter has the idea of inviting his girlfriends to share the extra room with them. The girls in turn ask their families to move in and take advantage of the space. Ward who had hated the greedy landlords soon becomes a landlord himself, with making money becoming more significant than enjoying their new room. In order to make more space, Ward and Rossiter break up the beautiful wardrobe, and the increased amount of people living in the space makes it become smaller and smaller, their living space returning to be as small as it was at the beginning.

2. Discuss the theme of over-population and the effect it has on both the way of life and quality of life of the inhabitants of the city.

Overpopulation changes the way people live. Life is awful and the quality of life is incredibly low. There’s so much oppression people can’t even walk on the sidewalk without getting bruises. Pedestrian jams can last for days without cars moving due to congestion. Even in their houses or cubicles people cannot be freed from this oppression, as the space they have is incredibly reduced(this was a consequence to overpopulation). The quest for living space becomes an ambition and obsession lot the citizens. People lack privacy and even have to share bathrooms and kitchens. Hygiene and privacy were completely lost, which drove people crazy in the search for them.

3. The quest for living space has become an overriding obsession with the people of the city. Discuss this theme in detail. Include in your answer some discussion of the ways in which Ballard makes the quest for space dominate the characters’ lives.

The quest for living space is absurd and almost impossible to achieve as to have some extra space you need have to a family and at least three kids, which is crazy. By doing this, the people living in this society are contributing to overpopulation instead of finding a way to reduce it. When the character’s find a bigger space, they have the need to occupy that empty space with big furnitures or having more people live with them. When the characters do this, it shows how they aren’t able to have an empty space because their minds are framed in living in a small and cramped space. Becoming used to the idea of oppression, once people are a little bit more free, that aren’t able to take advantage of it and end up wasting the extra space they have(as the main characters of the story).

4. What sort of relationship does Ballard put forward between the inner world of the individual (as represented by Ward and Rossiter) and the outer world in which they live. In other words, how does Ballard conceptualise the effect of surviving daily life in a hopelessly over-crowded city on the consciousness of the individual as demonstrated by the ways in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space in the secret room they discover?

Ward and Rossiter hate the way that they have to live due to the overpopulation of society. They greatly disagree with the methods the goverment uses to deal with overpopulation. INstead of giving more living space for people, they reduce it in order to create more cubicles. They encourage people to have more children puttin ahead of them the possibility of having more space. However, this only worsens the overpopulation and continues to reduce people’s living space. Ward and Rossiter deeply despise the lack of privacy and space.  Ward hates landlords, but he ends up becoming one. The oppresion caused by these limited cubicles leads to a huge appreciation of space which is why at first the two friends are conscious of what they have. Nevertheless, as society has become used to the idea of living in these cubicles, Ward and Rossiter aren’t able to manage their new space correctly. They end up in the same position in which they started, as by inviting more and more people they were reducing their own living space.

5. In the story, Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme over-population that has beset the world. Explain his views as they are presented in the story.

G. Ballard thinks that the population is selfish, that they only think about of themselves and their families. This is because people instead of wanting and contributing with the reduction of population, they are willing to do anything they can to increase their living space, which only happens if they have at least three kids. So this is ironic, because the government does not stop overpopulation, it increases it by encouraging society to have more and more children, as by doing this they would be rewarded with space. The governments encouragement to society of having more kids is believed to be the reason which led to overpopulation, and increases it more and more. Ballard through his writing says that the government does nothing to correctly deal with this issue.

6. Do you agree with his argument? Do you think that current population growth projections indicate that we are likely to end up in the situation portrayed in the story?

We believe that our possibilities of ending up in the situation depicted in the story are very small as nowadays in many countries birth rates have tremendously fallen, such as in european countries. We can begin to see issues concerning overpupulation in some Asian countries, but these countries have established measures to prevent an extreme overpopulation as the one shown in the story.

7. Describe and analyse Ward’s character in some detail. What values does he hold? Why does Ballard make use of this type of character as the main character for this story?

Ward is one of the protagonists of Billenium, and he shares his living space with Henry Rossiter. He works as a librarian and he deeply hates overpopulation. Despite not liking overpopulation, he has accepted that he has to face it and live with it, so he has adapted to it. He has developed a particular hatred towards greedy landowers, although he ends up becoming one of them. He was very affected when the victorian wardrobe was destroyed to increase space.

8. What role does Rossiter play in the story?

Henry Rossiter is Ward’s friend and roomate. He is the one that made the terrible mistake of convincing Ward on inviting people(their girlfriends families) to live with them in the double cubicle. His idea led to the redcuction of their living space as more people occupied the space they lived in. He is agressive, and not as sensible as Ward is as he does not gasp the significance of the victorian wardrobe.

9. Describe the role of the female characters in the story.

In the story, female characters are not protagonists but they play the role of Rossiters and Wards girlfriends who are invited to live to their (Ward and Rossiters)double cubicle. These girls convice the two friends to let them bring their families with the to live into the cublicle. They finally let the girls bring their families, but this then led to the destruction of the wardrobe.

10-Discuss the effects that overpopulation and its attendant ills has had on the nature of family life in relation to Ward’s family as well as Judith and Helen’s family relationships.

What the effect of overpopulation has had on the nature of family is that the overpopulation was caused by how families wanted to have some more space that they decide to have kids which contribute with this. Having many children is rewarded with space. This means parents no longer have children because they truly want to, but they do it for the sole reason of getting more space. Families become a lie.

11. What does the secret room symbolised in the story?

The secret room next to Ward and Rossiter’s cubicle symbolized freedom, it was a leak or a crack that let them escape from living in a limited space. It was an escape from the oppresision they lived in. In this room they could escaoe from the awful reality.

12. Why do you think Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves? Is Ballard making a comment on how our inner world ultimately reflects the shape of the external world in which we live?

Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves because they were used to live in a small place  and when they finally found a big place they had so long being craving, they started putting big furniture and then inviting people to live with them so they started reducing the space that they had. They were unable to properly manage their space and ended up spoiling it. Ballard makes a comment on how difficult is to change and adapt to places for all the humans and in this case, the protagonist didn’t take advantage of all the space that they had. They had gotten accustomed to living in a small space so they didn’t know how to manage the space. Ballard suggests that living in certain situation for a long time frames our minds into it so we get accustomed to it and keep returning to it.

13. What sort of living arrangement do they eventually end up allowing (and accommodating to) in their secret room?

At the end of the story, there were seven people living in the secret room, and they divided that room in seven parts so all the people have their own “room”. At the end, they end up living in a smaller place than the cubicles.

14. Discuss Ballard’s style and language in the story? Consider also in what ways it is appropriate to the nature of the story being told.

Ballard uses different techniques of speech to emphasize his point of overpopulation. His diction is referred to oppression. He uses phrases such as “pedestrian jam” which show how extreme the overpopulation was(people could get caught up in pedestrian jams for up to two whole days). The story also names the word “cubicle”, which shows how small the living places are.

Task 2

The video shows how small and uncomfortable the cubicles are. Both, the story and the video explain that living in cubicles is the result of having overpopulation. This must be very hard to live in since they have so little space in their cubicles. The connection between the story and the videos is that, both in the story as in the video have to live in a very small place where they have to share it. And we can found the difference in the story, Billenium and the video because in the short story they lacked space in the world and that why they started reducing people’s houses and apartments. In the contrary nowadays we do not suffer a lack of space but there still existing small places where to live. The other difference is that in the story they all share a dining room and a bathroom and in the video those apartments have their own.

I worked with Gonzalo Irazusta and Francisco Montoya.

Publicado en 3AC2018, Ingles, Literature, Uncategorized | Etiquetado , , , , , | Deja un comentario

The Berlin Blockade

After reading and learning about the Berlin Blockade, our History teacher Lenny asked us to answer some questions and complete a chart about the topic.

  1. What was life like in Berlin in the post-war era?

Berlin was divided into two zones, the eastern and western part. The west part was capitalist and was divided into three zones: The French zone, the British zone and the American zone. The east part was communist and was under Soviet control. Berlin was devastated, it had suffered a lot and its people were also going through very harsh times, as they had lost everything. Life was terrible for everyone, especially in the east part, as the soviets had strict control over the people and their lifestyle. The whole city was under constant threat of war, so people lived with fear. Moreover, there was a lot of poverty and shortage of food and supplies.

  1. How did Soviet policy towards Berlin differ from that of the West?

The west part was capitalist and they wanted Berlin to grow and recover. On the other hand, the communist part wanted to keep the city crippled and destroyed. They were against Berlin recovering.

  1. Why was reform of the German currency a key issue for both sides?

This was symbol of union for the west side, which wanted to show their power and alliance(between the British, American and French parts). However, Stalin believed the new currency was an attempt against the East’s economy. This finally lead into the Berlin Blockade, which finally meant the start of the Cold War.

4.Why was the airlift such a major feat?

The airlift showed this union the allies wanted to demonstrate. It showed power, the west wouldn’t be doomed by the soviets. The capitalists found the way to go over communism.  Thanks to the airlift, the west part was improving whilst the east part was in decadence. The east part could see the capitalist prosperity and compared to their poverty it was frustrating. Also, 11 months later, the Soviets retired the blockade because it wasn’t working. The capitalists were very intelligent with this strategy, and it was an achievement for them. This event determined the start of the cold war, which is why it’s so important.

  1. In what respect can the USSR and US be responsible for further increasing tensions during the airlift?

The tension during the airlift was very strong. The US and the USSR can be responsible for further increasing tensions during the airlift because they were very suspicious of each other although the two countries had expressed they were not willing to go to war. They had opposite ideals and objectives, as they wanted opposite things for Berlin. The US saw the blockade as a threat to the freedom of Western Europe. The blockade triggered war, as it was the final event that showed the clear rivalry between both countries.

  1. Why did Stalin eventually agree to talks over the airlift?

Stalin agreed to talk over the airlift because he saw the strength of the allies amd that the blockade wouldn’t stop them. They wouldn’t give up as he expected. Also, with the airlift the allies were giving even more help and supplies to Berlin than before the blockade. This showed the blockade was uneffective. After 11 months of blockade, he opened communications and the airlift was over.

Extension question; Who was more to blame for Berlin becoming a major flashpoint in the Cold War, the Soviets or the Americans?

In my opinion the USSR was more to blame as she was persistent on making the whole of Berlin soviet. The allies were also persistent on keeping their part capitalist, but they didn’t interfere with the East part. The importnace of Berlin was alo determined by the Berlin blockade, which was created by the communists. With the Berlin blockade the Soviets were interfering with the west part of Berlin, and the allies had not done this with the eastern part. Stalin could have let the allies supply their part of Berlin. The allies had done nothing against the Soviet part of Berlin. The USSR should have minded her own part of Berlin and let the allies do what they wanted as long as they didn’t interfere with West Berlin.

The Berlin Blockade, Why did it happen and what were the consequences?:

  • Yalta Background; Germany was divided int four parts; the British, French, American and Soviet parts. Berlin, the capital, was algo divided into these four parts, and controlled by them. This conference created tension. Eastern europe became a soviet sphere of influence.
  • Stalin’s concerns; Unification of West Berlin, as it would became stronger and more powerfu than the East part. It would become a buffer against communism, which wouldn’t benefit Stalin. Capitalist countries would make their region prosperous, making communist states eager to prosper as them and start to distance from communist ideals.
  • Stalin’s reaction; Carrying out the Berlin Blockade, therefore blocking the communication\supply lines between West Germany and Berlin.
  • “Allied” Reaction; They airlifted supplies to make sure the population could survive and not suffer from poverty and starvation. With the airlift they prevented West Berlin from depending on East Berlin.
  • Consequences for USSR; USA didn’t become weaker as the USSR thought. She showed her strenght. As the blockade was ineffective because the allies managed to create the airlift, Stalin was forced to reopen the roads. The blockade had no positive benefits for Stalin, supplies from the West were even bigger than before.
  • Consequences for USA; She reinforced the policy of containment. She was able to show off her power, strength and intelligence. The NATO was created, an alliance between the US, France and Great Britain.

 

 

Publicado en 3AC2018, History, Ingles | Etiquetado , , , , , , , | Deja un comentario